The U.S. Army has consistently expanded its ranks to reflect “a more perfect Union.” This has led to equal treatment for all people.
During the Revolutionary War, the Slave Enlistment Act enabled free and enslaved Black men to enlist in the 1st Rhode Island Regiment. In the Civil War, 186,000 Black Soldiers served in over 166 regiments of the Union Army. Their service led to the formation of four all-Black Army regiments known as the Buffalo Soldiers. Black Soldiers continued to serve the Army in the War with Spain, World War I, and World War II. Ultimately leading to President Truman’s 1948 Executive Order 9981 that desegregated the militaries.
How did the U.S. Army’s achievements and policies influence U.S. Civil Rights policy?
Why did individuals enlist in the Army despite unequal treatment at home?