Divisions offers a decidedly different view. Prizewinning historian Thomas A. Guglielmo draws together more than a decade of extensive research to tell sweeping yet personal stories of race and the military; of high command and ordinary GIs; and of African Americans, white Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans. Guglielmo argues that the military built not one color line, but a complex tangle of them. Taken together, they represented a sprawling structure of white supremacy. Freedom struggles arose in response, democratizing portions of the wartime military and setting the stage for postwar desegregation and the subsequent civil rights movements. But the costs of the military’s color lines were devastating. They impeded America’s war effort; undermined the nation’s rhetoric of the Four Freedoms; further naturalized the concept of race; deepened many whites’ investments in white supremacy; and further fractured the American people.
Dr. Guglielmo is Associate Professor and Chair in the Department of American Studies at George Washington University. He is the author of “White on Arrival: Italians, Race, Color, and Power in Chicago, 1890-1940,” which won the Frederick Jackson Turner Award of the Organization of American Historians.
Dr. Thomas A. Guglielmo